Here’s a brief summary of people and parts in a breach incident.
The victim and the perpetrator
It can be an individual or a business, either a Level 1 merchant or a Level 4 merchant. The threat could be from internal sources or from a group of hackers from another country with a master plan to infiltrate secure network and systems. The 2014 Verizon report says that external factors such as criminal gangs motivated by money or driven by espionage work are the major perpetrators.
The target and the attack
Personal data and payment information that can be easily transferred to cash are the main targets. Through one loophole such as gaining access to log in credentials, a whole slew of information sources are attacked; and a similar method is used to reach servers, mobile devices or social media. Malware injection into various sources seem to be the major attack method.
The pace is moving at an unmanageable rate, with attackers already way ahead of the defenders who are working on both protecting and preventing the attacks. The discovery of a hack most often is made not by the victim but by third parties, such as law enforcement agencies, specialist fraud detection organizations, or even customers.
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